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According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on teetotums, "the hexagonal (six-sided) teetotum was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans." The earliest teetotums were used as a substitute for dice, so the sides of the top would be numbered, usually 1 to 6. Two other nice/unusual features: (1) the upper level has single numbers, not odds (like 5-1, 3-2,), and (2) lovely spiral design on the finial (handle) (ususally it is plain or has parallel lines or a diamond design).
groups (bags) "5" and "7," above, are 6-sided tops, and as such invariably have words on the sides and must be read with the top lying on its side -- the words are lined up with the stem of the put and take top (go in the same direction as/are parallel to the length of the stem) . words/letters read with the stem being upright (invariably, 8-sided put & takes) OR with the stem held horizontally (invariably, 6-sided put & takes). words (eg., "take all") OR letters (eg., "TA") on the sides. smooth handle/stem OR knurled/serrated handle/stem. One of the most surprising (to me) things said there is: "'Put and Take' .... racehorses of the 20th century." See 8 of these tops in original box here. Both the top (much bigger and heavier than most: c. "Also known as "The Sport of Kings," and often linked with gambling, flat racing has been a popular sport for hundreds of years. The Poker one has on the upper level: FULLH, 3, STRT, 4, FLUSH, 2; and on lower level: A K Q J 10 9. It looks nice, but is a TERRIBLE spinner -- it simply hardly ever can be gotten to spin! I soaked it in WD-40, but still could not unscrew it to correct it. The seller described it as: "Bi-level poker top ... I ordered one (July 2013), and it just arrived in a 12" x 12" x 12" box. Per Shapeways: "Dice version of the spinning top game "put and take." One die is labeled the other is labeled . Can be used as a D8 die, or labeled with options for the game "put and take" or "toma todo." Picture here. The star can be used as an extra rule, for example, all take, take one from everyone one, everyone takes one from you, take half, put half, etc. hides 3 dice and one brass put and take, or teetotum spinner, which fit into the handle .... Measures 10 1/4" in diameter and stands 5 1/2" high. Nine "sides" or commands in this order: take all, put three, take two, all put, take three, put one, re-spin (spin again), take one, put two. Box is bent out of shape and had some water damage in one corner.(Words to song, here.) An Australian gambling-related web site says, "the Western worlds game of put-and-take [is] rarely encountered since the 1930s. There is a casino game "Put and Take" that uses playing cards instead of a spinner! Today, there are also grifters hustling people with crooked Put & Take dice, as reported here. jazz-swing music: 1929 "Put and Take" composition performed by Joe Venuti's Blue Four. If it landed with the star or Take All showing, he would take all the chips from the pot. G." is an abbreviation for a typical phrase concerning products from France. Here perhaps, the top level refers to classes of poker hands, like: SEQ [a straight? MP= maison plein =maison pleine = full house], POK [? In January 2015, it (spinner, instructions, box) went for 221 euros on e Bay. BLUE OLD CARDBOARD BOX IS ORIGINAL ALSO." It went for 3.50 plus postage, April 2012. While the usual Crown and Anchor game consists of three dice, each of which has a crown, anchor, heart, spade, diamond and club on each of the six sides, this Crown & Anchor spinner has three levels, each of which has those same six sides. The sides of the three hexagons are marked in gold with X, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1. The seller in the US (November 2013) says, "This is an old game with a new twist as well. The original has the six horses names and the newer version has the four playing card suits Spade-Diamond-Heart Club as well as Joker and Ace. Likewise with the "puts." So it would work this way, using the top on the left as an example (the one where the left bottom of the "T2" face is shaved some): if you spun the top clockwise (as a right handed person ordinarily would), it would more often land on the "put" side because if the top slowed down near the "T2" side, it would continue past the extra rounded (shaved) edge and land on the adjoining Put side (or as the Instructions put it more simply: "When spun to the right, a Put will show....."). The dealer describes these as: "Up for auction is a very high quality machined aluminum anodized Put and Take GAMENUT Dreidel dice/die. The six sided spinner contains a P1, P2, P3, and a T1, T2, T3, The P's mean you put in 1, 2 or 3 dollars, the T's mean you TAKE," says the dealer of these tops.And of course, there are virtual Put & Take aps where you can design your own game; here too. Now-a-days there are too many manifestations of Put & Takes games and rules to mention on this page, which is dedicated to vintage items. Here are some historical informative links on the subject of Put and Takes. Links to other Put & Take websites: Marianne Jager . 15 second video -- Self-made teetotum for kids; neat toy spinner. If it landed P1, P2 or P3, he would lose (put) 1, 2 or 3 of his chips, respectively, into the pot. Because the three discs spin separately, the final outcome is always completely random. April 2017, it went for almost 0 (plus shipping) on e Bay. The odds are 2 to 1 4 to1 5 to1 6 to1 8 to 1 and Disqualified. And as you would expect, on this top, all four of the Take sides are shaved on the bottom left, and on all four Put sides, all of the bottom rights are shaved. The case is replicated to look like a wicker basket. This patent pending design is precision balanced and the smooth rounded patent pending spin-tip will not mar surfaces. Each piece weighs in at a heft .3 ounces and provides enough weight to keep the die spinning for over two minutes if you'd like. The "secret" is somewhat similar to the three red celluloid Put & Takes near the top of this page: if a player (the mark) twists the top to the right (clockwise) --as most players would-- it will almost always land with the "Put" sides showing, and if the hustler, who knows the secret, twists the top to the left (counter-clockwise), the top invariably lands with the "Take" sides showing. Note the spellings of "Spinning Top" in different languages on the box. "made of: wood, tin package size: 15 cm x 8,5 cm x 8 cm weight: 0.15 kg suitable age: 6 Traditional board game. Per dealer: "This card game is a variation from the simple dice or top games designed to risk pieces of candy, coins or a few bucks. If it landed P1 (or "put one"), P2 or P3, he would lose (put) 1, 2 or 3 of his chips, respectively, into the pot.
If it landed with the star or Take All showing, he would take all the chips from the pot.The heyday was especially seen in 1921 and 22 (I refer you again to the timeline.) There is the 1921 silent movie "Put and Take", a 1921 "Put and Take" Broadway show and song, at least five American patents regarding Put and Take taken out between 19, and even a 1929 "Put and Take" jazz swing composition. from the English and American gambling scene is that too many loaded tops were being used. Players ante into a pot and take turns spinning the top. Credit: from a post October 19, 2005 at this Flickr Yahoo site. More pictures of this top here -- shows the bi-levels more clearly. Dealer in UK says, "AN ORIGINAL CROWN AND ANCHOR GAME. GIBSON & SONS "INTERNATIONAL SERIES" MADE IN ENGLAND. THE BOTTOM LEVEL IS FIXED TO THE MIDDLE SPINDLE, WHILE THE MIDDLE AND TOP LAYERS ARE FREE FROM THE SPINDLE AND SPIN SEPARATELY AND AS YOU CAN SEE THE TWO TOP LAYERS CAN BE SPUN SEPARATELY ON BALL BEARINGS. 19735/50 APPROX TOTAL LENGTH - 3.8CM (38MM)."The top is marked "Spinpool Pat Appd For". Similar to the bi-level tops (horses, poker) made by the company that made the "Odds-On" tops, but nothing engraved on the top of the top near the handle. The scanned instructions and catalog page are from the K. In both pictures, notice how the tops on the right are shaved on the lower right side of the "T2" face, and the tops on the left are shaved on the lower left side of of the "T2" face. "Letters & numerals are hand written by seller using with a wood burning tool. Okay, I'll even sell it to anyone else who might want it so don't feel left out. It's an ivory colored 12 sided (D12 to the gamer community) 16mm die and the sides, in no particular order, are engraved as follows: Put 1, Put 2, Put 3, All Put, Put All, Lose Turn Take 1, Take 2, Take 3, All Take, Take All, Roll Again" Modern.